People are considered fully vaccinated two weeks after receiving their final dose. For those receiving the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines, this means two weeks after your second dose. For those receiving the Johnson and Johnson vaccine, this means two weeks after your single dose. The CDC recommends continuing practicing safety guidelines until you have reached this point.
With that said, the CDC now allows for indoor gatherings of fully vaccinated people without wearing masks, travel without quarantine, as well as gathering indoors with unvaccinated people from one other household (unless those individuals carry an increased risk of severe illness). Mask wearing in public is still recommended regardless of when you received your vaccination. (Source: CDC.gov)